Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities 2024-03-30T13:30:35+00:00 Associate Professor Dr. Md. Zahidul Islam Open Journal Systems <p><strong>FOCUS AND SCOPE</strong></p> <p>Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities (E-ISSN: 2413-2748) is a double-blind, peer -reviewed journal. 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None of the material should be covered by any copyright; if copyrighted material exceeding approximately 100 words from a journal article or approximately 500 words from a book is used, the author has obtained written permission for its use. Further, this work should not infringe any intellectual property rights/secrecy laws of any person/organization/government/public or private agency, nor should it contain any defamatory matter.</p> <p>This journal does not bear any responsibility for verifying copyright permissions provided by the author. Any breach of copyright laws will result in retraction of the published article/material <strong>as well as reporting to relevant authorities at the authors' institutions.</strong></p> <p><strong>DISCLAIMER</strong></p> <p>Opinions expressed in articles and creative pieces published in this Journal are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the editors, the editorial board or the publisher.</p> UNRAVELING BANGLADESH'S CULTURAL EVOLUTION IN THE LIGHT OF ITS ISLAMIC MIDDLE AGES: BRIDGING HISTORIES 2023-12-27T18:35:57+00:00 Ehsanul Mahbub <p><strong>This research explores Bangladesh's historical and cultural evolution, specifically during its Islamic Middle Ages (1204–1757). Despite cultural affinities with the Indian subcontinent, Bangladesh's unique geographical features and diverse ethnographic amalgamation are often overlooked in prevailing narratives. The study seeks to uncover how Islam shaped the country's cultural identity during this historical period, addressing existing literature gaps and emphasising Muslims' contributions to Bangladesh's evolution. The research employs systematic observation, evaluation, and documentation using a qualitative approach with intercultural and phenomenological perspectives in religious studies. Drawing on historical, anthropological, linguistic, and archaeological disciplines, the descriptive method forms the basis of the study, incorporating a comprehensive compilation of materials from various sources. The findings highlight Bangladesh's multi-heritage identity, shaped by a complex intermingling of Dravidian, Australoid, Mongolian, and Aryan bloodlines. Islamic rulers were crucial in fostering a prosperous civilisation, contributing to language, literature, cuisine, costume design, and architecture advancements. Religion, particularly the advent of Islam, played a significant role in liberating the populace from oppressive structures. The research contributes to a comprehensive understanding of Bangladesh's historical and cultural evolution, emphasising the significance of diverse heritage and the role of religion in shaping identity. The study aims to foster unity and progress within the nation by addressing existing gaps.</strong></p> 2024-03-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ehsanul Mahbub ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION IN ACADEMIA: BANGLADESH PERSPECTIVE 2024-01-27T09:33:45+00:00 Camellia Khan <p>Due to the ever rising environmental disasters, environmental education has emerged as one of the most talked about issues in academia – all around the world today. To tackle this overwhelming crisis, there is an imminent need for environmental awareness at the mass level – which, of course, can only be provided through environmental education. As Bangladesh is one the most vulnerable countries in terms of environmental disaster, and as environmental education and awareness can play significant roles in ensuring participation of mass people in safeguarding environment; the need of such environmental education here has become an absolute necessity. The aim of this paper is to investigate into the current state of environmental education in Bangladesh, particularly at the university level.&nbsp; In doing so, it considers the existing laws on environmental education in Bangladesh, the role and scope of the universities, and the responsibilities of the teachers in raising learner awareness in environmental issues. Finally it comes up with some recommendations in relation to imparting environmental education and raising learner awareness at the university level.</p> 2024-03-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Camellia Khan CHINA'S CULTURAL SOFT POWER IN BANGLADESH: ACHIEVEMENTS AND CHALLENGES (2000-2020). 2023-12-27T18:32:13+00:00 Mohammad Shamsul Alom Md. Khaled Hosen Elfatih Abdullah Abdus Salam <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>Cultural dominance is one of the most significant aspects of soft power strategy in global politics. The most influential countries employ cultural soft power to consolidate their positions on international platforms to enhance national interests. This study explores China's cultural soft power strategies in Bangladesh by examining its achievements and challenges. It identifies that China has extended its cultural dynamics to considerable levels in Bangladesh, including arranging cultural programs and festivals, exchange programs, support for higher education, cultural institutes, media, availability of cultural content, and infrastructure development. However, China faces several challenges in achieving its soft power objectives due to cultural barriers, political manipulation, and proper management of facilities. This study recommends that China should develop initiatives to reduce the challenges in the country. This study followed a qualitative research method, based on secondary sources. This study fills a crucial gap in the understanding of China's efficacy in Bangladesh. A comprehensive insight into China's cultural soft power will help policymakers in enhancing bilateral relations as well as contribute to academia such as international relations, diplomacy and other intellectual horizons related to Bangladesh studies.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword: </strong>Cultural Soft Power, goals, China, Bangladesh</p> 2024-03-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Mohammad Shamsul Alom, Md. Khaled Hosen, Dr. Elfatih Abdullah Abdus Salam ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND JUSTICE SYSTEM IN BANGLADESH: ISSUES AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK 2024-01-27T09:37:44+00:00 Kaniz Tania Bint-E-Basar Kazi Sonia Tasnim <p>This paper presents environmental justice in Bangladesh which is connected with the human development, implementation and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations and policies. Environmental justice means the fair treatment of all people without discrimination of race, color, national origin and also include the development, implementation and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies. Environmental justice is very essential for the human rights which effects human lives as well as sustainable development of the country. Environmental justice also include protection against natural disasters, mass displacement, maintenance of natural resources, protection against health threats and livelihood of the Human being. Environmental justice ensures all people’s enjoyment of human rights, economic development, health protection above all healthy environment for life. There are also various environmental issues like global warming, over population, Waste disposal, Ocean acidification, loss of biodiversity, deforestation which are harmful for human lives. The Environmental &nbsp;&nbsp;problems in Bangladesh are climate change, cyclone, flood, drought, earthquake, riverbank erosion, air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, and noise pollution etc. Environmental Justice System is the burning issues of the world and human existence depends on the sustainable development of the environment.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2024-03-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Kaniz Tania Bint-E-Basar, Kazi Sonia Tasnim RULE OF LAW: A PRIME MOVER IN ESTABLISHING PEACE 2024-02-06T10:46:02+00:00 Camellia Khan <p>Though the establishment of a comprehensive and sustainable state – of peace and justice, security and development, social and economic progress – is the foremost goal of a just, philanthropic and benevolent governmental, it is literally unrealistic to find a world without conflict and wrong doings. However, the fundamental aspects of peace and human rights, security and development and the so needs to be upheld by the governments to make the world a better place to live in. But to attain such goals, the government needs to have an effective mechanism – the application of the rule of law.</p> 2024-03-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Camellia Khan