Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities https://www.aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash <p><strong>FOCUS AND SCOPE</strong></p> <p>Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities (E-ISSN: 2413-2748) is a double-blind, peer -reviewed journal. The journal publishes research papers in the fields of humanities and social science such as anthropology, business studies, communication studies, corporate governance, criminology, cross cultural studies, demography, development studies, economics, education, ethics, geography, history, industrial relations, international relations, law, linguistics, library science, media studies, methodology, philosophy, political science, population Studies, psychology, public administration, sociology, social welfare, linguistics, literature, paralegal, performing arts (music, theatre &amp; dance), religious studies, visual arts, women studies and so on.</p> <p><strong>PUBLICATION FREQUENCY</strong></p> <p>Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities publishes issue quarterly in a year (in March, June, September and December), with a dedicated mission of contributing to original and high quality research.</p> <p><strong>OPPEN ACCESS POLICY</strong></p> <p>All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute.</p> <p><strong>COPYRIGHT NOTICE</strong></p> <div> <p>The copyrights of article is on the Author(s), however, before publishing, it is required to obtain written confirmation from authors in order to ensure the originality (Author Statement of Originality). This statement is to be signed by at least one of the authors who have obtained the assent of the co-author(s) where applicable.</p> </div> <p><strong>PLAGIARISM ISSUES</strong></p> <p>The manuscript must represent original work by the author(s). None of the material should be covered by any copyright; if copyrighted material exceeding approximately 100 words from a journal article or approximately 500 words from a book is used, the author has obtained written permission for its use. Further, this work should not infringe any intellectual property rights/secrecy laws of any person/organization/government/public or private agency, nor should it contain any defamatory matter. <strong>All the article will be checked by Turnitin Software.</strong></p> <p>This journal does not bear any responsibility for verifying copyright permissions provided by the author. Any breach of copyright laws will result in retraction of the published article/material as well as reporting to relevant authorities at the author's institutions.</p> <p><strong>Digital Archive: </strong>This Journal is using<strong> LOCKSS </strong>digital archive system<strong>.</strong></p> <p><strong>PUBLICATION CHARGES</strong></p> <p>If the paper is accepted for publication, author(s) will be asked to pay 100 USD as article publication. The publication fees cover the cost of language editing, copyediting, and other editorial expenses. There is no charge <em>during article submission</em>. Publication fees <em>will be charged once the paper</em> is accepted. The payment method will be notified by the editor after the acceptance of the paper. This journal encourages collaborative work. Authors from three different nationalities will get full discount on publication fees.</p> <p><strong>EDITORS' RESPONSIBILITIES</strong></p> <ul> <li>To act in a objective, balanced, and fair way while carrying out expected duties, without discrimination on grounds of gender, religious or political beliefs, ethnic or geographical origin of the authors.</li> <li>To avoid any commercial influence, as well as conflicts of interests, for all submissions and evaluate them solely on academic and scientific merit.</li> <li>To address complaints of any nature and follow reasonable procedures according to the Journal's policies.</li> <li>To give authors full opportunity to respond to complaints.</li> <li>To investigate a complaint regardless of the approval date of publication of an article.</li> <li>To document, compile, and file all complaints.</li> </ul> <p><strong>REVIEWERS' RESPONSIBILITIES</strong></p> <ul> <li>To review the manuscript objectively and timely, inform the editor of a suitable decision and to uphold the quality of articles published in the journal.</li> <li>To maintain strict confidentiality of any information supplied to the reviewer in the review process by the editor or author and ensure that the manuscript is for the reviewer's eyes only and no copies are transmitted or kept.</li> <li>To inform the editor of suspected plagiarism or absence of relevant published work which has not been cited. To avoid any potential conflicts of interests between the author and the reviewer and inform the editor of all developments. </li> </ul> <p><strong>AUTHORS' RESPONSIBILITIES</strong></p> <ul> <li>To ensure that they have significantly contributed to the research, cited all related references and acknowledged financial support from funding agencies.</li> <li>To maintain accurate records of data associated with their submitted manuscript, and supply or provide access to these data, on reasonable request.</li> <li>To confirm that the submitted manuscript is not under consideration or accepted for publication elsewhere.</li> <li>To acknowledge and cite sources whose contents overlap in the submitted paper. </li> <li>To provide the editor with a copy of any submitted manuscript(s) that might contain similar closely related or overlapping content.</li> <li>To ensure that any studies involving human or animal subjects conform to national, local and institutional laws and requirements.</li> <li>To confirm that approval has been sought and obtained where appropriate and obtain written permission from human subjects and respect their privacy.</li> <li>To declare any potential conflicts of interests.</li> <li>To promptly inform the journal editor or publisher if a significant error in their publication is detected and submit an erratum, addendum, corrigendum notice, to be published or retract the paper altogether if it is necessary.</li> </ul> <p><strong>ETHICAL STATEMENT</strong></p> <p>The manuscript must represent original work by the author(s). None of the material should be covered by any copyright; if copyrighted material exceeding approximately 100 words from a journal article or approximately 500 words from a book is used, the author has obtained written permission for its use. Further, this work should not infringe any intellectual property rights/secrecy laws of any person/organization/government/public or private agency, nor should it contain any defamatory matter.</p> <p>This journal does not bear any responsibility for verifying copyright permissions provided by the author. Any breach of copyright laws will result in retraction of the published article/material <strong>as well as reporting to relevant authorities at the authors' institutions.</strong></p> <p><strong>DISCLAIMER</strong></p> <p>Opinions expressed in articles and creative pieces published in this Journal are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the editors, the editorial board or the publisher.</p> en-US <p style="display: block; text-align: justify;">Copyrights for articles published in Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.</p><p>Articles published in Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities are published under the <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank">Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license</a>, which permits others to distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work as long as they credit you for the original creation.</p><p> </p> zahidul@iium.edu.my (Assistant Professor Dr. Md. Zahidul Islam) editor.aarcentre@gmail.com (Prof.(Retd.) Dr. Akkas Ali) Fri, 30 Sep 2022 11:38:13 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.8 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 TRANSFORMATION OF PRODUCTIVE ZAKAT MANAGEMENT IN LAZISMU MUHAMMADIYAH SOUTH SULAWESI https://www.aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash/article/view/270 <p>Zakat is one of the pillars (pillars) of the five pillars that make up Islam. Zakat is a maaliahijtima'iyyah worship which has a strategic and decisive position for the development of the welfare ofthepeople. Sothat zakat does not onlyfunction as a vertical worship to Allah, but zakat also functions as a horizontal form of worship. The results of the study indicate that there has been a transformation of mustahiqin to muzakki as well as anincrease in business and economic independence.Transformation into and a long process, and usually can be said muzakki if the income has reached then ishab. In addition, economic independence means that must ahiq are able to meet their personal needs within the limits of the irown welfare, do not need and do not depend on others in carrying out economic problems. This research aims to factually describe zakat tranformation process in LAZISMU South Sulawesi in Indonesia. This research using qualitative descriptive method is a research method that utilizes qualitative data and is described in descriptive history.</p> Andi Musniwan Kasman, Aminata Sukriya Copyright (c) 2022 Andi Musniwan Kasman, Aminata Sukriya http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash/article/view/270 Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ANALYSIS OF RISK MITIGATION EFFORTS FOR ISLAMIC EQUITY AND DEBT FINANCING IN ISLAMIC MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS https://www.aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash/article/view/272 <p>This paper investigates risk mitigation practices and alternative measures for non-performing financing in sharia rural banks (BPRS) in Indonesia. Using in-depth interviews with Islamic microfinance practitioners who are expert in the area, this study explores two categories of financing which are equity financing (<em>mudharabah</em> and <em>musyarakah</em>) and debt financing (<em>murabahah</em>). The mechanism will advise on the themes of equity financing, debt financing, risk identification and mitigation, risk appraisal, risk control and monitoring, and digital systems. Interviews were conducted at 6 BPRS in West Java and Banten, Indonesia. The data will inform researchers about success stories of equity and debt financing by implementing risk mitigation to reduce the magnitude of the risk of each financing and alternative steps to mitigate non-performing financing. The results show that BPRS prefer <em>musyarakah</em> financing for equity over <em>mudharabah</em>, because they consider <em>mudharabah</em> to be riskier. For debt financing, all BPRS apply <em>murabaha</em><em>h</em> financing. Risk mitigation is carried out properly, starting from analyzing the client's credit history to assessing the required collateral. In the event of non-performing financing, the BPRS first assesses the source of the problem and the BPRS provides easy payments to clients through relaxation and restructuring. The digital system also plays an important role in mitigating BPRS risk and facilitating client access to BPRS.</p> Alfian Eka Saputra; Muhammad Pisol Bin Mat Isa; Ummu Salma Al-Azizah Copyright (c) 2022 Alfian Eka Saputra; Muhammad Pisol Bin Mat Isa; Ummu Salma Al-Azizah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash/article/view/272 Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE EMPIRICAL APPROACH OF REVITALIZING SOCIETY IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: A SHORT ANALYSIS OF SAYYED JAMAL AL-DIN AFGHANI'S POLITICAL THOUGHT https://www.aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash/article/view/271 <p style="margin: 0in; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify;"><em><span style="color: #0e101a; font-style: normal;">Sayyed Jamal al-Din Afghani was a philosopher, influential Islamic thinker, and political activist in the 19th century in Asia. He is well known for his Intellectual contributions and political thoughts. The pan-Islamic movement, Al wahada Islamiya terminology, and the literature about awareness against western thought were Afghani's most influential works. Moreover, Afghani's political thought has significantly impacted the leaders, Muslim countries, and Islamic civilization. This study aims to explore and analysis of Sayyed Jamal al-Din Afghani's political thought and its impact on the Muslim world. This article conducted the qualitative method to analyze his writings and recent articles, journals, and books. This study has found that the political principles and philosophical approaches of Seyyed Jamal Uddin Afghani and it has a significant role in constantly striving to unite Islamic societies and save them from colonial oppression. Moreover, this article has illustrated Afghani's approach and how he came up with solutions for Muslim countries affected by western civilization in the 19th century. Finally, the Islamic world's political leaders should take Sayyed Jamal al-Din Afghani's political and intellectual ideas for their countries and societies to regain the Islamic civilization.</span></em></p> Akram Uddin, Danial Mohd. Yusof , farid ahmad heravi Copyright (c) 2022 Akram Uddin, Danial Mohd. Yusof , farid ahmad heravi http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash/article/view/271 Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CORE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR RIGHTS REGIME IN BANGLADESH GARMENTS INDUSTRIES AND ITS CHALLENGES https://www.aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash/article/view/275 <p>The theory of ‘core labour rights’ is the well-known set of universally established minimum best practices and safeguards in respect of some basic labour standards. known as core labour standards in the world economy. This concept is devoted by ILO to promote or establish social justice and labour rights to recognise labours peace which is the most crucial part of the economic prosperity. The implementation of these measures ensures the benefits of the majority workers, rather than the rich only. This study has been prepared to examine the key challenges in implementing the international labour standards in Bangladesh garments sectors. The fundamental labour laws of Bangladesh are designed in accordance with principles of ILO, but non-enforcement of domestic regulations indicates disobedience with international core labour standards and ILO conventions too. The qualitative method has been used in the gathering and the analysing of data of this research. This study has found that most of the rules and regulations of labour laws of Bangladesh are followed by ILO standards. However, their practical approaches show an indication of dismay. Thus, it is submitted that the local jurisdiction of Bangladesh has a poor application of international core labour standards and the ILO conventions which causes uncountable dilemmas to the humanity and the peaceful garments industries. This study has suggested that the government must take necessary steps to implement core international labour standards effectively in domestic legal system and carry out a proper observation to establish social justice and peaceful garments industries in Bangladesh.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> MOIN UDDIN, Md. Zahidul Islam , Md Salah Uddin Copyright (c) 2022 MOIN UDDIN, Md. Zahidul Islam , Md Salah Uddin http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://www.aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash/article/view/275 Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0000