• Asmaa Ibrahim Atiyah


This research aims to clarify the standard of legal liability for traditional medicine practitioners in the case of malpractice. Traditional Medicine is "the sum total of the knowledge, skill, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures, whether applicable or not, used in the maintenance of health as well as in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical and mental illness. Determining the standard of legal liability for traditional practitioners guarantees consumer protection and provides judges with a stable legal system to hold accountable for those who violate the standards of care and practice. This paper makes an original contribution on existing literature because there is no a stable standard to judge in malpractice cases of traditional medicine whether in same or different jurisdiction. Accordingly, this research displays points of view for different legal and jurisdictional applications such as (United States of America, Australia, United Kingdom) in determining the standard of this liability whether apply standards of modern medicine to traditional practitioners or adopt a new appropriate standard. This study adopts two basic judicial standards in determining that liability, namely, ordinary standard of care and professional efficiency standard. So, to examine this issue, this study clarifies how apply these two standard to malpractice lawsuits of traditional medicine. The study concludes that no single standard of liability can apply to all traditional medicine practices and that the standard of liability must vary depending on the nature of traditional practice and how it is exercised.

Author Biography

Asmaa Ibrahim Atiyah

Iraq- Baghdad- legal advisor, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D),  Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws,International Islamic University Malaysia


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How to Cite

Atiyah, A. I. (2018). THE STANDARD OF LEGAL LIABILITY FOR MALPRACTICE IN USING TRADITIONAL MEDICINE. Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities, 3(4), 39–55. Retrieved from